Ethical and Unethical Methods of Plagiarism Prevention in Academic Writing


Kaveh Bakhtiyari


University of Duisburg-Essen

Hadi Salehi


Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch

Mohamed Amin Embi


Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia – Faculty of Education

Masoud Shakiba


National University of Malaysia

Azam Zavvari


National University of Malaysia

Masoomeh Shahbazi-Moghadam


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Nader Ale Ebrahim


Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya (UM); Research Support Unit, Centre of Research Services, Institute of Research Management and Monitoring (IPPP), University of Malaya (UM)

Marjan Mohammadjafari


University of Malaya (UM)

June 19, 2014

International Education Studies, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 52-62, 2014


Abstract:

This paper discusses plagiarism origins, and the ethical solutions to prevent it. It also reviews some unethical approaches, which may be used to decrease the plagiarism rate in academic writings. We propose eight ethical techniques to avoid unconscious and accidental plagiarism in manuscripts without using online systems such as Turnitin and/or iThenticate for cross checking and plagiarism detection. The efficiency of the proposed techniques is evaluated on five different texts using students individually. After application of the techniques on the texts, they were checked by Turnitin to produce the plagiarism and similarity report. At the end, the “effective factor” of each method has been compared with each other; and the best result went to a hybrid combination of all techniques to avoid plagiarism. The hybrid of ethical methods decreased the plagiarism rate reported by Turnitin from nearly 100% to the average of 8.4% on 5 manuscripts.

 

Number of Pages in PDF File: 11

Keywords: Plagiarism, Plagiarism Prevention, Academic Cheating, Ethical Approaches, Unethical Approaches

JEL Classification: L11, L1, L2, M11, M12, M1, M54, Q1, O1, O3, P42, P24, P29, Q31, Q32, L17

Accepted Paper Series

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Date posted: June 24, 2014

Suggested Citation

Bakhtiyari, Kaveh and Salehi, Hadi and Embi, Mohamed Amin and Shakiba, Masoud and Zavvari, Azam and Shahbazi-Moghadam, Masoomeh and Ale Ebrahim, Nader and Mohammadjafari, Marjan, Ethical and Unethical Methods of Plagiarism Prevention in Academic Writing (June 19, 2014). International Education Studies, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 52-62, 2014. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2457669

About Nader Ale Ebrahim

Nader Ale Ebrahim has Technology Management PhD degree from the Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya. He holds a Master of Science in the mechanical engineering from University of Tehran with distinguished honors, as well as more than 17 years experience in the establishing R&D department in different companies, project director and project coordinator and Knowledge based system implemented in R&D department. His current research interests are focused on managing virtual new product development teams in SMEs R&D centers. His papers/articles have presented in the several Journals and conferences. Nader Ale Ebrahim is worldwide well-known as the founder of “Research Tools” Box. "Research Tools" box is designed to help students who seek to reduce the search time by expanding the knowledge of researchers to more effectively use the "tools" that are available through the Net.
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