Virtual R&D Teams: A New Model for Product Development

Virtual R&D Teams: A New Model for Product Development


Nader Ale Ebrahim


University of Malaya (UM) – Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering; University of Malaya (UM) – Research Support Unit, Centre of Research Services, Institute of Research Management and Monitoring (IPPP)

October 20, 2015

International Journal of Innovation – IJI, 3(2), 01-27. doi: 10.5585/iji.v3i2.43


Abstract:

Increased global competitions have urged small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to develop new products faster. Virtual research and development (R&D) teams in SMEs can offer a solution to speed up time-to-market of new product development (NPD). However, factors that affect the effectiveness of virtual teams for NPD are still not adequately verified. This paper presents the correlations between virtual R&D team constructs and virtual team effectiveness by developing a “Virtual Research and Development Team” (ViR&DT) model. The items, which may influence the effectiveness of virtual teams, are taken from the literature. Through an online survey and by application of structural equation modeling (SEM) technique, the proposed model (ViR&DT) has been tested. The results suggest that the process construct is strongly correlated to the effectiveness of virtual teams. Therefore, NPD managers in virtual R&D teams should concentrate on the process of new product development rather than simply equipping the teams with the latest technology or employing highly qualified experts. Further empirical research is recommended to fully explore and appreciate the breadth of application of the ViR&DT model.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 27

Keywords: Virtual R&D teams; Collaborative teams; Questionnaires; Team performance; Cross-functional teams; Product development

JEL Classification: M13, M11, M14, L15, L23, O14, Z

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Date posted: October 21, 2015 ; Last revised: October 22, 2015

Suggested Citation

Ale Ebrahim, Nader, Virtual R&D Teams: A New Model for Product Development (October 20, 2015). International Journal of Innovation – IJI, 3(2), 01-27. doi: 10.5585/iji.v3i2.43. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2677071

About Nader Ale Ebrahim

Nader Ale Ebrahim has Technology Management PhD degree from the Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya. He holds a Master of Science in the mechanical engineering from University of Tehran with distinguished honors, as well as more than 17 years experience in the establishing R&D department in different companies, project director and project coordinator and Knowledge based system implemented in R&D department. His current research interests are focused on managing virtual new product development teams in SMEs R&D centers. His papers/articles have presented in the several Journals and conferences. Nader Ale Ebrahim is worldwide well-known as the founder of “Research Tools” Box. "Research Tools" box is designed to help students who seek to reduce the search time by expanding the knowledge of researchers to more effectively use the "tools" that are available through the Net.
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